Universität Wien FIND

070180 SE Seminar (2017W)

Food and War (1917-1956). Instant Coffee, Spam, Chewing Gum and, Candy Bombers. Combat food design

6.00 ECTS (2.00 SWS), SPL 7 - Geschichte
Prüfungsimmanente Lehrveranstaltung

Details

max. 25 Teilnehmer*innen
Sprache: Englisch

Lehrende

Termine (iCal) - nächster Termin ist mit N markiert

For whatever reason, the most two course sessions of the semester can be missed.

Mittwoch 11.10. 15:45 - 17:15 Seminarraum Geschichte 1 Hauptgebäude, 1.Stock, Stiege 10
Mittwoch 18.10. 15:45 - 17:15 Seminarraum Geschichte 1 Hauptgebäude, 1.Stock, Stiege 10
Mittwoch 25.10. 15:45 - 17:15 Seminarraum Geschichte 1 Hauptgebäude, 1.Stock, Stiege 10
Mittwoch 08.11. 15:45 - 17:15 Seminarraum Geschichte 1 Hauptgebäude, 1.Stock, Stiege 10
Mittwoch 15.11. 15:45 - 17:15 Seminarraum Geschichte 1 Hauptgebäude, 1.Stock, Stiege 10
Mittwoch 22.11. 15:45 - 17:15 Seminarraum Geschichte 1 Hauptgebäude, 1.Stock, Stiege 10
Mittwoch 29.11. 15:45 - 17:15 Seminarraum Geschichte 1 Hauptgebäude, 1.Stock, Stiege 10
Mittwoch 06.12. 15:45 - 17:15 Seminarraum Geschichte 1 Hauptgebäude, 1.Stock, Stiege 10
Mittwoch 13.12. 15:45 - 17:15 Seminarraum Geschichte 1 Hauptgebäude, 1.Stock, Stiege 10
Mittwoch 10.01. 15:45 - 17:15 Seminarraum Geschichte 1 Hauptgebäude, 1.Stock, Stiege 10
Mittwoch 17.01. 15:45 - 17:15 Seminarraum Geschichte 1 Hauptgebäude, 1.Stock, Stiege 10
Mittwoch 24.01. 15:45 - 17:15 Seminarraum Geschichte 1 Hauptgebäude, 1.Stock, Stiege 10
Mittwoch 31.01. 15:45 - 17:15 Seminarraum Geschichte 1 Hauptgebäude, 1.Stock, Stiege 10

Information

Ziele, Inhalte und Methode der Lehrveranstaltung

When connecting food and war, the first idea would be to study shortage and starvation. However, this seminar chooses another focus: Abundance. American troops in the first half of the 20th century were definitely better fed than any other military forces ever. The major causes were domestic research on dietary improvements and the export capacities of the country. America supported the Allies with food in quantity and quality. Together with the G.I.s victories some special foods and drinks spread the globe. Coca Cola is only one of many products characterizing the wealth of American troops. Also, doughnuts, wonder bread, and chewing gum fit into the picture.

What would be named the Americanization of local diets roots in the specific focus on nutritional improvements invented and developed by the U.S.-Army’s laboratories? By looking into the impact of their technologies on the worldwide food industry, global history is understood as a process of mobility of humans, objects, and knowledge. Details matter. Therefore, this seminar exclusively deals with the American food history from the United States’ entry into the Great World War (=WW I), followed by the interwar years, and from WW II to the Korean War. In this period a true reformulation of dietary regimes took place in both, armies and among civilians in America.

In comparison with other regions, the American population was almost never affected by enduring, severe starvation. Ordinary Europeans first got an idea of America’s abundance, when three million American troops in England were preparing for the invasion of Europe. During the American Occupation of Britain (1942-1945) a common saying was that the G.I.s were “oversexed, overfed, over here.”

During the post-WW II occupation in Europe, the presence of millions of American troops deployed on the continent raised curiosity and interest in their lifestyle. While, the generosity with which the American soldiers distributed chewing gums and candies among civilians were welcomed other new foods, which massively spread Europe latest after the Berlin Airlift, were regarded with mistrust. Eventually, they were accepted. Some of them went global. Therefore, the perspective of this seminar also includes the war-theaters in Japan and later in Korea. This rounds up with asking what the Americanization of foodways was about.

Quantitative research about type, amount, and quality of U.S. food relief programs and sales to the Allies can be conducted. Further, the globalization of specific foods, such as instant coffee, Spam corned beef, peanut butter, wonder bread, energy bars, etc. can be traced back to the American Army’s innovative food studies. Another question could be, how war logistics defined dietary changes in the United States themselves. Also, the unprecedented operation of the Quartermaster Corps (=QMC), the entity of the U.S.-military forces which organized also the food of the troops, could be a research topic.

Art der Leistungskontrolle und erlaubte Hilfsmittel

Examination:
Engaged participation in the class activities including short presentations of research advances and cross-readings (60% percent) plus a final short paper (40%) will be graded according to standards.

Mindestanforderungen und Beurteilungsmaßstab

Minimum requirements and assessment standard:
Mutual reliability is essential for the success of this course. Thus, for whatever reason the most two course sessions of the semester can be missed.
The course language is English.
Research skills, such as Chicago citation guidelines, etc. are expected.
For orientation, you will want to use Anne Whitaker. Academic Writing Guide 2010. A Step-by-Step Guide to Writing Academic Papers. City University of Seattle: September 2009. http://www.vsm.sk/Curriculum/academicsupport/academicwritingguide.pdf

Prüfungsstoff

Exam subjects:
In the course of the seminar, primary and secondary sources will be critically assessed and analyzed. Some special texts will be provided but, I encourage students to engage in serious academic history writing and thus expect from them an individual research.

Literatur

For the first glance of one aspect of the seminar’s innovative imperative please, watch “WWI Rallying Cry: Food will win the war”
https://www.historians.org/teaching-and-learning/teaching-resources-for-historians/classroom-materials/teaching-wwi-history-through-food.
And
Q.M.C. historical studies
https://babel.hathitrust.org/cgi/ls?field1=ocr;q1=Q.M.C.%20historical%20studies;a=srchls;lmt=ft

Zuordnung im Vorlesungsverzeichnis

PM4: Globalgeschichte, Wirtschafts- und Sozialgeschichte, Zeitgeschichte
Diplom UF: Wirtschafts- und Sozialgeschichte

Letzte Änderung: Fr 31.08.2018 08:42