Universität Wien

090108 VO The Archaeology of Pilgrimage in Late Antiquity (2024S)

4.00 ECTS (2.00 SWS), SPL 9 - Altertumswissenschaften

An/Abmeldung

Hinweis: Ihr Anmeldezeitpunkt innerhalb der Frist hat keine Auswirkungen auf die Platzvergabe (kein "first come, first served").

Details

Sprache: Englisch

Lehrende

Termine (iCal) - nächster Termin ist mit N markiert

Donnerstag 07.03. 14:15 - 15:45 Seminarraum d. Inst. f. Klassische Archäologie Franz-Klein-Gasse 1.OG
Donnerstag 14.03. 14:15 - 15:45 Seminarraum d. Inst. f. Klassische Archäologie Franz-Klein-Gasse 1.OG
Donnerstag 11.04. 14:15 - 15:45 Seminarraum d. Inst. f. Klassische Archäologie Franz-Klein-Gasse 1.OG
Donnerstag 18.04. 14:15 - 15:45 Seminarraum d. Inst. f. Klassische Archäologie Franz-Klein-Gasse 1.OG
Donnerstag 02.05. 14:15 - 15:45 Seminarraum d. Inst. f. Klassische Archäologie Franz-Klein-Gasse 1.OG
Donnerstag 16.05. 14:15 - 15:45 Seminarraum d. Inst. f. Klassische Archäologie Franz-Klein-Gasse 1.OG
Donnerstag 23.05. 14:15 - 15:45 Seminarraum d. Inst. f. Klassische Archäologie Franz-Klein-Gasse 1.OG
Donnerstag 06.06. 14:15 - 15:45 Seminarraum d. Inst. f. Klassische Archäologie Franz-Klein-Gasse 1.OG
Donnerstag 13.06. 14:15 - 15:45 Seminarraum d. Inst. f. Klassische Archäologie Franz-Klein-Gasse 1.OG
Donnerstag 20.06. 14:15 - 15:45 Seminarraum d. Inst. f. Klassische Archäologie Franz-Klein-Gasse 1.OG
Donnerstag 27.06. 14:15 - 15:45 Seminarraum d. Inst. f. Klassische Archäologie Franz-Klein-Gasse 1.OG

Information

Ziele, Inhalte und Methode der Lehrveranstaltung

The practice of pilgrimage is not exclusive to Christianity; it has roots in the pre-classical era and is shared by a number of other religions and cultural traditions. Particularly, pilgrimages for healing or initiation are considered commonplace. Its central idea involves more than just traveling to a hallowed location to partake in a system of hallowed beliefs; it also involves ritualized prayers, gestures, and movements at the location (such as processions, ascents, descents, etc.). However, pilgrimage becomes especially significant when it comes to Christianity.
Originating in the Constantinian era, Christian pilgrimage initially concentrated on the Holy Land and locations associated with the life, suffering, and death of Jesus. Soon after the allure of the shrines bearing witness to the Apostles and the final resting places of martyrs became popular destinations in East and West of the Mediterranean.
The influx of people improved the surrounding built environment and infrastructure around the sacred sites and shrines. This led to the development of an expanding network of hospices, xenodochia, baths, food production facilities, water cisterns, and monasteries to meet the needs of devout travelers. As a result of the shrines' widespread appeal, a variety of items including encolpia, pilgrimage flasks, oil lamps, censers, tokens, seals, and pendants, were produced and bought by pilgrims in an effort to preserve the benefits and blessings they had received.
The lectures will cover the accounts and travelogues, which are regarded as first-hand sources on topography, architecture, art, devotion, and sociocultural aspects, in order to address the material, spiritual, and cultural aspects of pilgrimage. The lecture will also address how pilgrimages influenced objects, material culture, and patronage in addition to the topography, cityscape, religious architecture, floors and walls decorations and epigraphy.

Art der Leistungskontrolle und erlaubte Hilfsmittel

Written exam at the end of the course

Mindestanforderungen und Beurteilungsmaßstab

The assessment will consider the correct interpretation of various archaeological sources (visual and material) discussed in the lectures.

Prüfungsstoff

Students are required to develop the ability to organize knowledge clearly in order to answer exam questions correctly. Minimum vote for positive assessment: 51% of the number of points.

Literatur

Lecture material (power points of the lectures); reading list (see below); additional material on Moodle platform and suggested during the lectures.

Bibliography:
R. Barnes, C. Branfoot eds., Pilgrimage: The Sacred Journey, Oxford 2006.
D.J. Birch, Pilgrimage to Rome in the Middle Ages: Continuity and Change, Woodbridge 1998.
P. Brown, The Cult of saints: its Rise and Functions in Latin Christianity, Chicago 1981.
J.P. Conant, Europe and the African Cult of Saints circa 350-900: an Essay in Mediterranean Comunications, in Speculum 85/1 (2010), pp. 1-4.
J. Elsner, I. Rutherford, Pilgrimage in Graeco-Roman and Early Christian Antiquity. Seeing the Gods. Oxford 2005.
H. C. Evans (Hrsg.), The Glory of Byzantium. Art and culture of the Middle Byzantine Era A.D. 843-1261, Ausstellungskatalog New York (New York 1997)
H. C. Evans (Hrsg.), Byzantium. Faith and Power (1261-1557), Ausstellungskatalog New York (New York 2004)
D. Frankfurter, Pilgrimage and Holy Spaces in Late Antique Egypt, Leiden 1998.
M. E. Frazer – K. Weitzmann (Hrsg.), Age of Spirituality, Ausstellungskatalog New York (New York 1979)
J. Frings (Hrsg.), Byzanz. Pracht und Alltag, Ausstellungskatalog Bonn (München 2010)
E.D. Hunt, Holy Land Pilgrimage in the Later Roman Empire (AD 312-460), Oxford 1982.
E.D. Hunt, Were there Christian Pilgrims before Constantine? In J. Stopford (ed.), Pilgrimage Explored, Woodbridge 1999, 24-40.
A. Kaldelles, The Christian Parthenon: Classicism and Pilgrimage in Byzantine Athens, Cambridge 2009.
A. Kulzer, Byzantine and early post-Byzantine pilgrimage to the Holy Land and to Mount Sinai in R. Macridis ed., Travel in the Byzantine world, Aldershot, 2002.
R. Ousterhout, Loca Sancta and the Architectural Response to Pilgrimage, in R. Ousterhout (ed.), The Blessings of Pilgrimage, Illinois 1990, 108-124.
J. Wilkinson, Jerusalem Pilgrimage before the Crusaders, Warminster 1977.
J. Wilkinson, Egeria’s travels, London 1971.
G. Vikan, Byzantine Pilgrimage Art, Dumbarton Oaks 1982 (or other editions).
M. Voltaggio, "Xenodochia" and "Hospitia" in Sixth-Century Jerusalem: Indicators for the Byzantine Pilgrimage to the Holy Places, Zeitschrift des Deutschen Palästina-Vereins, 127,2 (2011) 197-210.


Zuordnung im Vorlesungsverzeichnis

Anrechenbar: im Fachbereich Frühchristliche Archäologie:
im BA: M6, M13;
im MA: PM3, PM4, PM5;

Letzte Änderung: Mi 06.03.2024 15:05