The assessment will be done on the basis of homework and activity during the lessons (50%) and of a final written test (50%)
The course will be taught in English and will be adapted to the skill level of the students. We will read several passages from the original Sanskrit, so basic Sanskrit knowledge and Devanāgarī reading skills are required. The course will be adapted to the skill level of the students. We will read selected passage from the Dhvanyāloka and from Abhinavagupta’s commentary thereon, the Locana. We will also focus on ideas taken by Ānandavardhana and Abhinavagupta from other disciplines, particularly Mīmāṃsā (Vedic hermeneutics), Nyāya (epistemology) and Vyākaraṇa (Grammar). Specifically, the students can expect improvements in the following areas:
• Exegetical skills in understanding poetical and philosophical Sanskrit passages.
• History of ideas related to Sanskrit poetry and of mutual influences among traditions and authors in the development of traditional theories.
• Development of a technical jargon of Sanskrit Poetics and philosophy of language, such as rasa, alaṅkāra, rīti, lakṣaṇā, gauṇa, vyañjanā, tātparya, etc., as adopted in various śāstras and by various authors.
Durgaprasad, Pandit and Vasudev Lakshman Shastri Pansikar, eds. (1928). The Dhvanyāloka of Ānandavardhanāchārya. With the Commentary of Abhinavaguptāchārya. Kāvyamālā 25. 3 rd revised edition. Bombay: Pandurang Jawaji.
Graheli, Alessandro (2016). “The Force of Tātparya: Bhaṭṭa Jayanta and Abhinavagupta”. In: Around Abhinavagupta: Aspects of the Intellectual History of Kashmir from the 9th to the 11th Centuries. Ed. by Eli Franco and Isabelle Ratié. Vol. 6. Leipziger Studien zu Kultur und Geschichte Süd- und Zentralasiens. Proceedings of the Abhinavagupta conference, Leipzig 2013. Berlin: LIT Verlag.
Kunjunni Raja, K. (1963). Indian Theories of Meaning. Madras: Adyar Library and Research Centre.
McCrea, Lawrence J. (2008). The Teleology of Poetics in Medieval Kashmir. Vol. 71. Harvard Oriental Series. Cambridge (MA): Department of Sanskrit and indian Studies, Harvard University.
Pollock, Sheldon (2001). “The Social Aesthetic and Sanskrit Literary Theory”. In: Journal of Indian Philosophy 29, pp. 197–229.
— (2016). A Rasa Reader. Classical Indian Aesthetics. Columbia University Press.