The seminar builds on the students’ active partaking. They are required to have completed the readings before class and come prepared to engage in the activities of each session. The final grade will reflect active participation (10% of the grade). It also includes two written assignments á 1500-2000 words (each 40% of the grade) demonstrating the student’s understanding of the course’s major topics as well as one. Moreover, students are expected to briefly review (200 words) the first written assignment submitted by one of their colleagues (10%).
To pass the course all the written assignments should be successfully completed. Active participation in the seminar is required. The maximum number of accepted absences is two seminar sessions.
Reading and seminar discussions.
Selected readings (Full list will be announced on Moodle before the start of the seminar):
Ash, K. (2015) The Election Trap: the Cycle of Post-Electoral Repression and Opposition Fragmentation in Lukashenko's Belarus,” Democratization 22 (6): 1-24
Bedford, Sofie (2017) ”The Election Game:" Authoritarian Consolidation Processes in Belarus. Demokratizatsiya: The Journal of Post-Soviet Democratization 25 (4): 381-405.
Beissinger, Mark R.”Structure and Example in Modular Political Phenomena: The Diffusion of Bulldozer/Rose/Orange/Tulip Revolutions." Perspectives on Politics 5.2 (2007): 259-276.
Bunce, V. and S. Wolchik (2011) Defeating Authoritarian Leaders in Post Communist Countries (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press).
Engvall, Johan (2012) Against the Grain: How Georgia Fought Corruption And What It Means, Washington, D.C. & Stockholm, Central Asia-Caucasus Institute & Silk Road Studies Program.
Grigoryan, Armen (2019) “Armenia’s Path To Democratization By Recursive Mass Protests, Caucasus Survey,” 7 (2): 157-175.
Hale, Henry E. (2006) ”Democracy or Autocracy on the March? The Colored Revolutions as Normal Dynamics of Patronal Presidentialism." Communist and Post-Communist Studies 39 (3): 305-329.
Kalandadze, Katya and Mitchell A. Orenstein. (2009) “Electoral Protests and Democratization beyond the Color Revolutions,” Comparative Political Studies 42 (11: 1403-1425.
Lindberg, S. (ed) Democratization by Elections. A New Mode of Transition. (Baltimore: The John Hopkins University Press)
Matsiyevsky, Y. (2018) ‘Revolution without Regime Change: The Evidence from the post-Euromaidan Ukraine.’ Communist and Post-Communist Studies 51(4): 349-359. (3): 122-135.
Roessler, P., And M. Howard (2009).”Post-Cold War Political Regimes: When Do Elections Matter?.” In Lindberg, S. (Ed) Democratization by Elections. A New Mode of Transition, The John Hopkins University Press: 101-27.
Schedler, Andreas (2002)”Elections Without Democracy: The Menu of Manipulation.” Journal of Democracy 13(2): 36-50.
Valiyev, Anar (2006) “Parliamentary Elections in Azerbaijan: A Failed Revolution,” Problems of Post-Communism 53 (3): 17-35.
Way, L. (2008): ‘The Real Causes of the Color Revolutions’, Journal of Democracy 19(3): 55-69.