Universität Wien FIND

240530 SE Anthropology of Work (P4) (2016S)

Prüfungsimmanente Lehrveranstaltung


Hinweis: Ihr Anmeldezeitpunkt innerhalb der Frist hat keine Auswirkungen auf die Platzvergabe (kein "first come, first served").


max. 40 Teilnehmer*innen
Sprache: Englisch


Termine (iCal) - nächster Termin ist mit N markiert

Montag 25.04. 08:00 - 09:30 Hörsaal C, NIG 4. Stock
Dienstag 26.04. 08:00 - 09:30 Hörsaal C, NIG 4. Stock
Mittwoch 27.04. 08:00 - 09:30 Seminarraum D, NIG 4. Stock
Donnerstag 28.04. 08:00 - 09:30 Hörsaal C, NIG 4. Stock
Freitag 29.04. 08:00 - 09:30 Hörsaal C, NIG 4. Stock
Montag 02.05. 08:00 - 09:30 Hörsaal C, NIG 4. Stock
Dienstag 03.05. 08:00 - 09:30 Hörsaal C, NIG 4. Stock
Mittwoch 04.05. 08:00 - 09:30 Seminarraum D, NIG 4. Stock
Freitag 06.05. 08:00 - 09:30 Hörsaal C, NIG 4. Stock


Ziele, Inhalte und Methode der Lehrveranstaltung

The course, Anthropology of Work, refers to the form and structure of social relations developed during the production, distribution and exchange process with particular emphasis on the Western world. The primary concern is to show that working activities and employment relations constitute a social and cultural context full of meaningful actions, strategies and behaviors and not strictly a factor of production. In this light, work is taken to be marked by cultural values and practices replete with different meanings coming from social groups, classes, gender and various kind of societies. Hence, in anthropological and sociological terms it is now widely accepted that employment, including all types of formal and paid labour, is only one form of work the latter including as well non formal labour paid in cash or in other ways. For this reason the term, work, will be used in a flexible signification intended to bring to the fore all forms of formal and informal employment, as well as all those activities that produce use values, goods and services for immediate consumption and redistribution of social and individual reproduction.

Course Structure
The course will be delivered in the form of lectures, discussion and on voluntary paper presentations. Before each course meeting students are required to have read a relevant paper or text which combined with their life or ethnographic experience will end up in debating each topic. Presentations (individually or collectively) will be held towards the end of the course and will be taken into account in the final grading. The grading policy is based on the following criteria: participation, contribution to the relevant debate, voluntary paper presentation and final examination in the form of developing an argument for a certain topic. Students are expected to attend all class sessions as listed on the course calendar. The course structure is subject to possible slight changes.
The aims of the course are:
To critically examine classical and contemporary anthropological approaches on work and employment
To look upon 'social exclusion' as a new paradigm of understanding social inequalities
To examine the role of social policy in creating and alleviating inequality, poverty and social exclusion through employment policies
To get to know the social and cultural aspects for work and employment.

Learning outcomes
By the end of this module students should be able:
To demonstrate knowledge on theoretical conceptions of social stratification and inequality
To analyse and apply classical and contemporary theoretical perspectives to the various dimensions of work and employment
To demonstrate a critical understanding of work and employment.
To demonstrate an understanding of the anthropological approach on work, especially along the dimensions of class, gender, race and ethnicity
To understand the structural forces that shape, maintain, and reinforce inequality before, during and after employment.
To consider ways in which social inequality and social exclusion might be reduced through public policies related with work and employment.

The objectives listed above will be met through a combination of systematic attendance, active participation in the discussion, the voluntary presentation of papers of relevant interest and finally through the final examining process.

Art der Leistungskontrolle und erlaubte Hilfsmittel

Session 01: Anthropology of Work: Introduction
o Bibliography:
o S.Wallman (ed), (1979), Social Anthropology of Work, London: Academic Press.
o G.Spittler, (2008), Founders of the Anthropology of Work. German Social Scientists of the 19th and Early 20th Centuries and the First Ethnographers, Berlin: LIT Verlag.

Session 02: Work, meaning and experience
o Bibliography:
o F.C.Gamst (ed), (1995), Meanings of Work, Albany: State University of New York Press.
o H. Applebaum, (1992), The concept of work. Ancient, Medieval and Modern, Albany: State University of New York Press.

Session 03: Employment and deskilling thesis
o Bibliography:
o H. Braverman, (1974), Labour and monopoly capital: The degradation of work in the twentieth century, New York: Monthly Review Press.
o M.Burawoy, (1979), Manufacturing Consent, Chicago: The University of Chicago Press.

Session 04: Employment and upskilling thesis
o Bibliography:
o D.Bell, (1973), The coming of the post-industrial society: A venture in social forcasting, London: Penguin.
o A.Gray, (2004), Unsocial Europe. Social protection or flexploitation? London: Pluto Press.

Session 05: Anthropology of organizations
o Bibliography:
o S.Wright (ed), (1994), Anthropology of Organizations, London: Routledge.
o A. Cohen, (1995), Self-consciousness. An alternative anthropology of identity, London: Routledge.

Session 06: Unemployment and underemployment
o Bibliography:
o J.A. Garraty, (1978), Unemployment in history. Economic thought and public policy, New York: Harper Colophon Books.
o L.Howe, (1990), Being unemployed in Northern Ireland. An ethnographic study, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Session 07: Non Standard paid work
o Bibliography:
o C.Garsten, (2008), Workplace vagabonds. Career and community in changing worlds of work, London: Palgrave Macmillan.
o M.Spyridakis, (2013), The liminal worker. An ethnography of work, unemployment and precariousness in contemporary Greece, Farnham: Ashgate.

Session 08: Paper’s presentations. Open discussion

Mindestanforderungen und Beurteilungsmaßstab

Participation 15%
Contribution to the relevant debate 10%
Voluntary paper presentation 15%
Final exam 60%



Textbook & Course Materials
Required Text
P.E. Durrenberger, (2005), Labour, in A Handbook of Economic Anthropology, edited by J.G. Carrier, (Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publishing Limited), 125-141.
P.E. Durrenberger and J. Marti, (2006), Introduction, in Labor in Cross-Cultural Perspective, edited by P.E. Durrenberger and J. Marti, (New York: Altamira Press), 1-27.
R.Brown, (1984), 'Working on Work', Sociology, 18: 311-323.
Ortiz, S., (1994), Work, the division of labour and co-operation, in Companion Encyclopedia of Anthropology. Humanity, Culture and Social Life edited by T. Ingold, (London: Routledge), 891-911.

Recommended Texts & Other Readings
Ashton, D.M. (1986). Unemployment under Capitalism: The Sociology of British and American Labour Markets (Brighton: Wheatsheaf).
Bauman, Z. (2005). Work, consumerism and the new poor (Berkshire: Open University Press).
Benton, L. (1990). Invisible Factories. The Informal Economy and Industrial Development in Spain (Albany: State University of New York Press).
Burawoy, M. (1979). ‘The Anthropology of Industrial Work’, Annual Review of Anthropology, 8, 231-266.
Castel, R. (2003). L’ insecurite sociale. Qu’ est-ce qu’ etre protégé? (Paris: Editions du Seuil et La Republique des Idées).
Harvey, D., (1990). The Condition of Postmodernity (Oxford: Blackwell).
Jahoda, M., Lazarsfeld, P.F. and Zeisel, H. (2010). Marienthal. The Sociography of an Unemployed Community (London: Transaction Publishers).
Mollona, M., De Neve, G. and Parry, J. (eds) .(2009). Industrial Work and Life. An Anthropological Reader (Oxford: Berg).
Pardo, I. (1996). Managing Existence in Naples: Morality, Action and Structure (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press).

Other readings will be made available in the course packet.

Zuordnung im Vorlesungsverzeichnis

Letzte Änderung: Mo 07.09.2020 15:40