Universität Wien FIND

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300519 SE Aquatic food web ecology (2020W)

current research status and future challenges

2.00 ECTS (1.00 SWS), SPL 30 - Biologie
Prüfungsimmanente Lehrveranstaltung

An/Abmeldung

Details

max. 10 Teilnehmer*innen
Sprache: Englisch

Lehrende

Termine

Vorbesprechung am 12.10.2020 -15:00 SEMRaum LImnologie;Termine der LV 19.10.2020-25.01.2021 von 15:00-16:30, im Se Raum der Limnologie, UZA 1, 3. Ebene/4. Spange


Information

Ziele, Inhalte und Methode der Lehrveranstaltung

1. Energy synthesis in plants; 2. Carbon and energy budgets in terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems; 3. Energy provision to aquatic consumers; 4. Energy utilization by aquatic consumers; 5. Contaminants in aquatic food webs; 6. Trophic tracers in aquatic food webs - stable isotopes; 7. Trophic tracers in aquatic food webs - lipids, fatty acids, and compound-specific stable isotopes; 8. Trophic tracers in aquatic food webs - trace metals and emerging xenobiotics; 9. Future challenges - how will nutritional composition in aquatic food webs change with climate change ?
The provision of dietary energy is central to the development of all organisms. This course focuses on understanding the mechanisms that drive sources, trophic transfer, and function of dietary organic matter through aquatic food webs. Introducing the concept of trophic ecology (units 1-5), students will learn about the complexity of dietary pathways to organism at various trophic levels, including transfer, metabolism, and accumulation of physiologically essential (e.g., trace elements and essential fatty acids), and potentially toxic (e.g., persistent organic pollutants and heavy metals) diet. An important block of this course (unit 6-8) is devoted to dietary biomarkers: A) stable isotopes and lipids/fatty acids (unit 6-7) in terrestrial and autochthonous (aquatic) organic matter are used to indicate dietary sources of carbon (d15C), nitrogen (d15N), and hydrogen (d2H) as markers of trophic relationships among organism within aquatic food webs. Moreover, stable isotopes (d13C and d2H) in fatty acids (unit 7) are one of the most upcoming methods to assess the flow and action of dietary energy in consumers and their organs. Depending on the biochemical stability of contaminants, the concurrent investigation of diet biomarkers and bioaccumulation patterns of contaminants in aquatic organism provides additional information of diet uptake success and its nutritional qualtiy (unit 8). In unit 9, students will be introduced to future challenges of pathways and mechanisms of aquatic energy flow, predator-prey interactions, community structure, and contaminant dynamics. This course provides integrative knowledge of how diet flow, if properly characterized, represents a metric of ecosystem health. This course will also include guest lectures with prominent food web researchers.

Art der Leistungskontrolle und erlaubte Hilfsmittel

Paper discussions during class and one written assignment.

Mindestanforderungen und Beurteilungsmaßstab

This seminar will be held in English. Student participation and scientific discussions (paper discussions) also in English.

Prüfungsstoff

Kurzeinführung in den jeweiligen Themenkreis der aquatischen Nahrungsnetzforschung mit anschliessender Fachdiskussion der Pflichtliteratur.

Literatur

Selected papers on aquatic food web research will be provided for discussion during class.

Zuordnung im Vorlesungsverzeichnis

MEC-9

Letzte Änderung: Fr 02.10.2020 11:50