070186 VO Lecture (PM4) - Gender and the Foundation of the Turkish Republic (2017W)
Gender and the Foundation of the Turkish Republic
Classes (iCal) - next class is marked with N
Two more class hours will have to be planned with the students to cover all the topics in the sylabus.
Aims, contents and method of the course
Assessment and permitted materials
A list of questions will be put in the moodle to guide the students for the preparation work for the exam.
Minimum requirements and assessment criteria
1st week: Introduction to the key concepts and conceptual discussions: “Nationed Gender and Gendered Nations”; Nation-building, modern nation-state and women’s rights
Recommended reading: Yuval-Davis, Nira. Gender & Nation, Sage Publications, 1997.
2nd week: Women and Islam
Kandiyoti, D. (ed.) Women, Islam and the State, Temple University Press, 1991.
3rd week: How to study history of Turkish Modernization?
Reference: Zürcher, Eric J. Turkey A Modern History, I.B. Tauris, 2007.
“Introduction: Periodization, Theory and Methodology”, pp.1-6.
Chapter 8: “The Second Constitutional Period 1908-18”, pp. 93-132.
Also read Lewis, Bernard. The Emergence of Modern Turkey, 2002, “Conclusions: The Turkish Revolution”, pp.480-487.
4th week: The rule of the Party of Union and Progress during The Balkan Wars and the First World War; the rise of ethnic nationalisms, increasing oppressiveness of the political regime
Göçek, Fatma Müge. “What is the meaning of the 1908 Young Turk Revolution? A critical Historical Assessment in 2008”, Siyasal Bilgiler Fakültesi Dergisi 38, 2008, 179-211.
Adak, Hülya. “Beyond the Catastrophic Divide: Walking with Halide Edib (The Turkish Jeannne d’Arc) Through the Ambigious Terrains of World War I”, Selbstzeugnis und Person: Transkulturelle Perspektiven, Claudia Ulbrich ets al. (eds.) Böhlau, 2012, pp. 357-379.
5th week: Modernization and Reform movements in the Late Ottoman Period and the Woman Question: Ottoman women’s movement
Recommended reading: Çakır, Serpil. - “Feminism and Feminist History-Writing in Turkey: The Discovery of Ottoman Feminism”, ed. Francisca de Haan, Maria Bucur, Krassimira Daskalova, Aspasia ( A Year Book) Berghahn Books , Volume 1, 2007, pp.61-83.
6th week: Histories of the War of Independence (1919-1923)
Comparative reading of Kemal Atatürk’s account (Nutuk, 1927) and Halide Edib Adıvar’s 2nd volume of Memoirs, The Turkish Ordeal, 1928.
Also see Adak, Hülya. “National myths and self-N(arr)ations: Mustafa Kemal’s Nutuk and Halide Edib’s Memoirs and The Turkish Ordeal”,The South Atlantic Quarterly, 102/2-3, Sibel Irzık and Güven Güzeldere (eds.), Duke University Press, January 2003, pp.509-528.
Durakbaşa, Ayşe. “Individuality and Collectivity: Ottoman and Turkish Autobiographical Writings from the Beginning of the 20th Century”, Plurality and Individuality Autobiographical Cultures in Europe, (ed.) Christa Haemmerle, Vienna,1994.
7th week: Kemalist Reforms: Secularization and Beyond
Women’s rights in the Republican Period
Mardin, Şerif. “Religion and Secularism in Turkey”, Ali Kazancıgil and E. Özbudun (eds.) Atatürk: Founder of a Modern State, London: C. Hirst and Co., 1981, 191-219.
Lewis, Bernard. The Emergence of Modern Turkey, 2002. Chapter on “Religion and Culture”
Deniz Kandiyoti, “Gendering the Modern: On Missing Dimensions in the Study of Turkish Modernity” in S. Bozdoğan and R. Kasaba, eds., Rethinking Modernity and National Identity in Turkey, Univ. of Washington Press, 1997.
Toktaş, Ş. & Cindoglu, D. “Modernization and Gender: a history of girls’ technical education in Turkey since 1927”, Women’s History Review 15(5), 737-749.
8th week: Critical evaluations against Kemalism and Kemalist feminism
Durakbaşa, Ayşe. “Kemalism as Identity Politics” in Zehra Arat, (ed.), Deconstructing Images of The Turkish Woman, MacMillan, 1998.
9th week: The Second Wave Feminism in Turkey in the 1980’s.
Tekeli, Ş., “The Rise and Change of the New Women’s Movement”, Emergence of the Feminist Movement in Turkey, London, Sage Publications, 1986, pp. 643-663.
Sirman, N., “Feminism in Turkey: A Short History”, New Perspectives on Turkey 1, 1989, pp. 1-34.
10 th week: Islamic revivalism in Turkey and the woman question
Göle, Nilufer. “Authoritarian Secularism and Islamic Participation: The Case of Turkey”, in Civil Society in the Middle East, ed. Richard Norton, V.2, 1996.
Göle, Nilufer. “Secularism and Islamism in Turkey: The Making of Elites and Co