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180092 SE A-tom and In-dividual (2018S)

Bertolt Brecht's Interference with Quantum Physics

5.00 ECTS (2.00 SWS), SPL 18 - Philosophie
Continuous assessment of course work

Die letzte Lehrveranstaltung (LV) in der Version BA Philosophie 2011 wurde hierzu im Sommersemester 2017 abgehalten.
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Registration/Deregistration

Details

max. 25 participants
Language: English

Lecturers

Classes (iCal) - next class is marked with N

Wednesday 07.03. 15:00 - 16:30 Hörsaal 3C, NIG Universitätsstraße 7/Stg. II/3. Stock, 1010 Wien
Wednesday 14.03. 15:00 - 16:30 Hörsaal 3C, NIG Universitätsstraße 7/Stg. II/3. Stock, 1010 Wien
Wednesday 21.03. 15:00 - 16:30 Hörsaal 3C, NIG Universitätsstraße 7/Stg. II/3. Stock, 1010 Wien
Wednesday 11.04. 15:00 - 16:30 Hörsaal 3C, NIG Universitätsstraße 7/Stg. II/3. Stock, 1010 Wien
Wednesday 18.04. 15:00 - 16:30 Hörsaal 3C, NIG Universitätsstraße 7/Stg. II/3. Stock, 1010 Wien
Wednesday 25.04. 15:00 - 16:30 Hörsaal 3C, NIG Universitätsstraße 7/Stg. II/3. Stock, 1010 Wien
Wednesday 02.05. 15:00 - 16:30 Hörsaal 3C, NIG Universitätsstraße 7/Stg. II/3. Stock, 1010 Wien
Wednesday 09.05. 15:00 - 16:30 Hörsaal 3C, NIG Universitätsstraße 7/Stg. II/3. Stock, 1010 Wien
Wednesday 16.05. 15:00 - 16:30 Hörsaal 3C, NIG Universitätsstraße 7/Stg. II/3. Stock, 1010 Wien
Wednesday 23.05. 15:00 - 16:30 Hörsaal 3C, NIG Universitätsstraße 7/Stg. II/3. Stock, 1010 Wien
Wednesday 30.05. 15:00 - 16:30 Hörsaal 3C, NIG Universitätsstraße 7/Stg. II/3. Stock, 1010 Wien
Wednesday 06.06. 15:00 - 16:30 Hörsaal 3C, NIG Universitätsstraße 7/Stg. II/3. Stock, 1010 Wien
Wednesday 13.06. 15:00 - 16:30 Hörsaal 3C, NIG Universitätsstraße 7/Stg. II/3. Stock, 1010 Wien
Wednesday 20.06. 15:00 - 16:30 Hörsaal 3C, NIG Universitätsstraße 7/Stg. II/3. Stock, 1010 Wien
Wednesday 27.06. 15:00 - 16:30 Hörsaal 3C, NIG Universitätsstraße 7/Stg. II/3. Stock, 1010 Wien

Information

Aims, contents and method of the course

We investigate the relation between to fields of knowledge which on first sight could not be less related: Quantum Physics and the Epic Theatre of Bertolt Brecht. Synchronously in both fields the methods, concepts and practices undergo a revolution. At least five assumptions of classical physics become highly problematic in Quantum Mechanics: The intuitivity of a theory, strict causality and the continuity to the processes observed and described, the individuality of the investigated objects and the application of a two-valued logic. Brecht in his theater seeks to enstrange the audience from an intuitive understanding of the occurences on the stage. He repeatedly interrupts the plot and fragments it into "quanta of action" (Brecht) in order to question the causality of the social processes. This questions the individuality of his figures, who can no longer be grasped in the framework of a two-valued logic.

I suggest the concept of interference of two fields of knowledge for grasping the connection between these simultaneous paradigm shifts. We will encounter an intense transfer of of knowledge between the two fields, based on a pool of common concepts and methods and aided by the metaphorization of scientific concepts. This transfer took place in a common historcal, social and cultural frame and is based on personal relations across the fields of knowledge, such as between Brecht and Niels Bohr and Brecht and Hans Reichenbach. In these encounters common figures of thought evolved, such as the gambler, which describes as well the reasoning of physicists in the age of quantum mechanics as the ethics and aestethics of Brecht's theater under the threat of Nazi-fascism.

Assessment and permitted materials

Preparation and participation in the discussions (1/3 of the grade)
Oral presentation on one of the topics (1/3 of the grade)
Seminar paper (1/3 of the grade)

Minimum requirements and assessment criteria

Course objective is that the students develop the tools and concepts to describe the relation of different fields of knowledge and that they can apply them to aspects of the course or further topics. Condition for a positive grade is a participation of at least 80 percent of the sessions.

Examination topics

The students learn to analyze a paradigm along the basic entities which it assumes. We analyze paradigm shifts based on the concepts of Kuhn and Fleck. Furthermore the students acquire the basic concepts of Quantum Mechanics and Epic theatre. We use this example to investigate the interaction of two separate fields of knowledge in the dynamics of their change.

Reading list

Barad, Karen: Meeting the Universe Halfway. Quantum Physics and the Entanglement of Matter and Meaning, 2007
Forman, Paul: Kausalität, Anschaulichkeit, Individualität. In: K. v. Meyenn (Hrsg.) Quantenmechanik und Weimarer Republik, 1994
Snow, C.P.:The two cultures - and a second look: an expanded version of the two cultures and the scientific revolution, 1964
Kuhn, Thomas: The Structure of Scientific Revolutions, 1970
Fleck, Ludwik: Entstehung und Entwicklung einer wissenschaftlichen Tatsache. Einführung in die Lehre vom Denkstil und Denkkollektiv, 1935
Heisenberg, Werner: Über den anschaulichen Inhalt der quantentheoretischen Kinematik und Jammer, Max: The Philosophy of Quantum Mechanics. The Interpretations of
Quantum Mechanics in Historical Perspective, 1974
Reichenbach, Hans: Philosophic Foundations of Quantum Mechanics, 1944
Philosophy and Physics. Faculty Research Lecture, University of California Los Angeles, 1946
Kojevnikov, Alexei: Freedom, Collectivism, and Quasiparticles: Social Metaphors in
Quantum Physics. Historical Studies in the Physical and Biological Sciences, 1999
Brecht, Bertolt: Flüchtlingsgespräche
Brecht, Bertolt: Der Messingkauf
Brecht, Bertolt: Der Kaukasische Kreidekreis
Brecht, Bertolt: Arbeitsjournal

Association in the course directory

Last modified: Mo 07.09.2020 15:36