Universität Wien FIND
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180180 VO Religion, worldview, spirituality (2021W)

philosophische Orientierungen zur Einführung in die Religionsphilosophie

5.00 ECTS (2.00 SWS), SPL 18 - Philosophie
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Registration/Deregistration

Note: The time of your registration within the registration period has no effect on the allocation of places (no first come, first served).

Details

Language: German

Examination dates

Lecturers

Classes (iCal) - next class is marked with N

The opportunities offered digitally for personal talks are used as far as possible; real-live-talks at fixed dates are also possible.

Tuesday 05.10. 10:00 - 14:00 Digital
Tuesday 12.10. 10:00 - 14:00 Digital
Tuesday 19.10. 10:00 - 14:00 Digital
Tuesday 09.11. 10:00 - 14:00 Digital
Tuesday 16.11. 10:00 - 14:00 Digital
Tuesday 23.11. 10:00 - 14:00 Digital
Tuesday 30.11. 10:00 - 14:00 Digital
Tuesday 07.12. 10:00 - 14:00 Digital

Information

Aims, contents and method of the course

In a secular and plural society (Taylor 2012), there are many different perspectives and answers to the question of how to live well.
On the one hand, these perspectives and answers come from the fund of Christian traditions, on the other hand from secular and Enlightenment world views, as well as perspectives and answers from various religious and spiritual traditions. It is thus a matter of a wide variety of culturally conditioned sign systems that serve as interpretive systems for leading one's life (Wendel 2010) or from which eclectic interpretations are drawn.
Orientation in this plurality of systems of meaning is necessary for the individual on the one hand, but also for the respective society on the other, and is rudimentarily unavoidable here in view of a minimal consensus.
The course attempts to develop criteria for a possible orientation.
Orientation is first of all a personal achievement (Stegmaier 1992) and provides provisional knowledge under the condition of determining one's own location. Orientation knowledge is associated with evaluations that allow one to choose different options for action.
Interpretation of religions and world views follow cultural patterns and provide a wide variety of models of evaluation that differ not only concerning the respective systems as well as among internally themselves. However, especially in an intercultural context, similarities can also be found that undermine the usual demarcations and sometimes coincide in socio-political statements. (An example: at the UN World Conferences on Women, representatives of Islam and the Roman Catholic Church unanimously voted against women's rights). Whether similar positions follow from similar strong evaluations (Taylor 2006) is to be investigated.
- Introduction to different concepts of religion (substantial, functional, structural)
- What does secular mean?
- The claim of religions to reason - an intercultural overview
- Can there be a universal concept of religion?
- Worldviews as religion?
- What is transcendence, what is spirituality (an approach)?
- The public and political relevance of religions and worldviews
Method: Because of COVID-19, the contents of the VO will be presented online. In order to enable better interaction, discussion forums will be set up in addition to a conversation part in the VO units, via which discussion contributions and questions can be contributed.

Assessment and permitted materials

As the VO will be conducted digitally under Covid conditions, the performance assessment will be carried out by means of a written online examination (Open-Book format).

Minimum requirements and assessment criteria

1) The minimum requirement is a basic knowledge of the contents taught, which is tested in the form of comprehension questions and should be documented in essay form.
A positive assessment of the examination is achieved if the questions are answered in the sign of a comprehensible understanding of the basic ideas of the lecture.
(2) The central assessment standard is oriented towards a
comprehension of the topics, basic ideas and questions developed in the lecture. The examination performance is assessed as "very good" if the knowledge of the examination material clearly exceeds the average level of knowledge and independent, argumentatively justified insights or further criticism are introduced.

Minimum requirement: At least 40 points are needed for a positive assessment.
Assessment standard:
1: 85-100 points
2: 70-84 points
3: 55-69 points
4: 40-54 points
5: 0-39 points

Examination topics

Examination material is the content presented in the lecture, which is made accessible via Moodle (text excerpts; PPT slides; selected secondary literature). The individual VO units are also accompanied by audio recordings.

Reading list

Baatz, U. (2017) Spiritualität, Religion, Weltanschauung. Landkarten für systemisches Arbeiten, V&R, GöttingenBaier, K. (2009) Meditation und Moderne. Zur Genese eines Kernbereichs moderner Spiritualität in der Wechselwirkung zwischen Westeuropa, Nordamerika und Asien, 2 Bde.Würzburg: Königshausen & Neumann.
Berger, P. L., Luckmann, T. (1980). Die gesellschaftliche Konstruktion der Wirklichkeit. Eine Theorie der Wissenssoziologie. Frankfurt a. M.: Fischer-Taschenbuchverlag.
Deuser, H. (2009), Religionsphilosophie, Berlin-New York, Springer
Figl, J. (1993). Die Mitte der Religionen. Idee und Praxis universalreligiöser Bewegungen. Darmstadt: Wissenschaftliche Buchgesellschaft.
Geyer, C.F. (Hg.)(1999), Religionsphilosophie der Neuzeit, Darmstadt WBG
Habermas, J. (2009a). Glauben und Wissen. Friedenspreis des deutschen Buchhandels. Frankfurt a. M.: Suhrkamp.
Habermas, J. (2009b). Die Revitalisierung der Weltreligionen – Herausforderung für ein säkulares Selbstverständnis der Moderne? In: Ders., Philosophische Texte Bd. 5: Kritik der Vernunft (S. 387–407). Frankfurt a. M.: Suhrkamp.
Halbfass, W. (1988). India and Europe: An Essay in Understanding. Albany: State University of New York Press.
Hanegraaff, W. J. (2013). Western Esotericism. A Guide for the Perplexed. London u. New York: Bloomsbury.
Hobsbawm, E., Ranger, T. (eds.) (1983). The Invention of Tradition. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
James, W. (1997). Die Vielfalt religiöser Erfahrung. Eine Studie über die menschliche Natur. Übers. von Eilert Herms und Christian Stalhut; mit einem einführenden Essay von Peter Sloterdijk. Frankfurt a. M.: Insel.
Jäger, Chr. (1998) Analytische Religionsphilosophie, Paderborn
Kippenberg, H. G., Stuckrad, K. von (2003). Einführung in die Religionswissenschaft. Gegenstände und Begriffe. München: Beck.
Luckmann, T. (1991). Die unsichtbare Religion. Frankfurt a. M.: Suhrkamp.
Luckner, A. (2005). Klugheit. Berlin u. New York: de Gruyter.
Luhmann, N. (1995). Die Kultur der Gesellschaft. Frankfurt a. M.: Suhrkamp.
Luhmann, N. (1996). Religion als Kultur. In O. Kallscheur (Hrsg.), Das Europa der Religionen: ein Kontinent zwischen Säkularisierung und Fundamentalismus (S. 291–318). Frankfurt a. M.: Suhrkamp.
Nishitani, K. (2001), Was ist Religion? Frankfurt/M.
Pollack, D., Rosta, G. (2015). Religion in der Moderne. Ein internationaler Vergleich. Frankfurt a. M. u. New York: Campus.
Renger, A.-B. (Hrsg.) (2016). Erleuchtung. Kultur- und Religionsgeschichte eines Begriffs. Freiburg i. Br.: Herder.
F. Ricken (Hrsg.) (2004), Religiöse Erfahrung. Ein interdisziplinärer KlärungsversuchStuttgart Kohlhammer
Roy, O. (2010). Heilige Einfalt: über die politischen Gefahren entwurzelter Religionen. Übers. v. Ursel Schäfer. München: Siedler.
Schelkshorn, H. (2009). Entgrenzungen. Ein europäischer Beitrag zum Diskurs der Moderne. Weilerswist: Velbrück Wissenschaft.
Seibt J. (2005). Kognitive Orientierung als systemisches Abenteuer. In W. Stegmaier (Hrsg.), Analyse: philosophische Perspektiven (S. 197–224). Frankfurt a. M.: Suhrkamp.
Stegmaier, W. (Hrsg.) (1992). Orientierung: philosophische Perspektiven. Frankfurt a. M.: Suhrkamp.
Taylor, Ch. (2006). Was ist menschliches Handeln? E-Journal der Philosophie der Psychologie 4/2006, Jänner 2006.
Taylor, Ch. (2012). Ein säkulares Zeitalter. Wissenschaftliche Sonderausgabe. Frankfurt a. M.: Suhrkamp.
Schreijäck, T. (Hrsg.)2000), Religion im Dialog der Kulturen: kontextuelle religiöse Bildung und interkulturelle Kompetenz (S. 187–200). Münster u. a.: LIT.
Wirtz, M. (2018), Religiöse Vernunft, Glauben und Wissen in interkultureller Perspektive, Freiburg, Alber

Association in the course directory

Last modified: Th 07.04.2022 07:08