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140299 UE Grammar in Theory and Practice (2019S)

The Grammatical Cases in Panini's System and in the Bhattikavya Poem

Prüfungsimmanente Lehrveranstaltung

An/Abmeldung

Details

max. 24 Teilnehmer*innen
Sprache: Englisch

Lehrende

Termine (iCal) - nächster Termin ist mit N markiert

Donnerstag 07.03. 09:15 - 10:45 Seminarraum 3 ISTB UniCampus Hof 2 2B-O1-14
Donnerstag 14.03. 09:15 - 10:45 Seminarraum 3 ISTB UniCampus Hof 2 2B-O1-14
Donnerstag 21.03. 09:15 - 10:45 Seminarraum 3 ISTB UniCampus Hof 2 2B-O1-14
Donnerstag 28.03. 09:15 - 10:45 Seminarraum 3 ISTB UniCampus Hof 2 2B-O1-14
Donnerstag 04.04. 09:15 - 10:45 Seminarraum 3 ISTB UniCampus Hof 2 2B-O1-14
Donnerstag 11.04. 09:15 - 10:45 Seminarraum 3 ISTB UniCampus Hof 2 2B-O1-14
Donnerstag 02.05. 09:15 - 10:45 Seminarraum 3 ISTB UniCampus Hof 2 2B-O1-14
Donnerstag 09.05. 09:15 - 10:45 Seminarraum 3 ISTB UniCampus Hof 2 2B-O1-14
Donnerstag 16.05. 09:15 - 10:45 Seminarraum 3 ISTB UniCampus Hof 2 2B-O1-14
Donnerstag 23.05. 09:15 - 10:45 Seminarraum 3 ISTB UniCampus Hof 2 2B-O1-14
Donnerstag 06.06. 09:15 - 10:45 Seminarraum 3 ISTB UniCampus Hof 2 2B-O1-14
Donnerstag 13.06. 09:15 - 10:45 Seminarraum 3 ISTB UniCampus Hof 2 2B-O1-14
Donnerstag 27.06. 09:15 - 10:45 Seminarraum 3 ISTB UniCampus Hof 2 2B-O1-14

Information

Ziele, Inhalte und Methode der Lehrveranstaltung

The Sanskrit grammar of Pāṇini (ca. 4th century BCE), the Aṣṭādhyāyī (“The Eight Lessons”), has been studied and commented for more than two millenia, in India and beyond. It is arguably the most influential work throughout the history of Sanskrit language. In Sanskrit literature, regardless of their specific religious or philosophical inclination, authors consistently quoted Pāṇini as the ultimate authority on grammatical matters. The impact of the Pāṇinian approach has been felt in modern linguistics as well, for instance in Ferdinand de Saussure’s concept of “zero suffix” or in the mor-
phological theory of Leonard Bloomfield, who characterized the Aṣṭādhyāyī as “one of the greatest monuments of human intelligence”. One of the most astonishing feature of Pāṇini’s grammar is his sophisticated paradigm of kāraka-s (lit. “factors of action”), six semantic-logical categories — subject, object, instrument, etc. — that form the backbone of Sanskrit syntax. This course is an introduction to this traditional system of kāraka-s in the original formulation by Pāṇini, through the exemplification of kāraka-s as found in the Bhaṭṭikāvya. This poem on the deeds of Rāma was originally designed as an illustration of the most important Pāṇinian rules of grammar, and it has traditionally been used in the syllabus to learn how to put these abstract rules into practice.

The course will be taught in English and will be adapted to the skill level of the students. We will read several passages from the original Sanskrit, so basic Sanskrit knowledge and Devanāgarī reading skills are required.

Preliminary queries:
• Is the Pāṇinian kāraka a syntactic, semantic, or ontological concept?
• What are the differences, merits, and/or drawbacks of the kāraka system, in respect to the system of cases studied in Western classical languages?
• Is the Aṣṭādhyāyī a reason for the syntactical and semantic stability of Sanskrit throughout the centuries and millenia?
• Was Pāṇini’s achievement possible because Sanskrit has a perfect linguistic structure? Or was Pāṇini’s genius the reason why Sanskrit preserved its amazingly stable structure?

Aims:
• New skills in logical analysis of Sanskrit language.
• Technical jargon of the Pāṇinian system.
• The main rules governing Sanskrit syntax.
• A glimpse at the canon of Sanskrit poetics.
• The impact of Pāṇini on modern linguistics.

Art der Leistungskontrolle und erlaubte Hilfsmittel

The students will be asked to discuss a short essay of secondary literature on the course's topics.

Mindestanforderungen und Beurteilungsmaßstab

Prüfungsstoff

• The the relevant aphorisms in Aṣṭādhyāyī 1.4.23–55.
• Selected verses of the Bhāṭṭikāvya (VIII.70–84).
• Cardona, 1976, pp. 215–224 and other related secondary
literature, where the kāraka system is discussed from the perspective of present-day linguistics and philosophy of language.

Literatur

Abhyankar, Kashinath Vasudev and Jaydev Mohanlal Shukla (1986). A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar. 3 rd ed. (1 st 1961). Baroda: Oriental Institute.
Cardona, George (1976). Pāṇini, A Survey of Research. The Hague, Paris: Mouton.
Katre, Sumitra Mangesh, ed. (1989). Aṣṭādhyāyī of Pāṇini. Delhi: Motilal Banarsidass.
Prahlad Giri, Svami, ed. (1985). Aṣṭādhyāyīsūtrapāṭha of Pāṇini. Varanasi: Kṛṣṇadāsa Academy.
Shiv Dutta, Kaviratan Pandit, ed. (1928). The Ram Charita (Bhāṭṭikāvya) of Bhāṭṭi. With Jayamaṅgala’s Commentary. Bombay: Khembaj Shrikrishnadass, Shri Venkateshwar Steam Press.
Vasu, Śriṣa Candra, ed. (1977). The Aṣṭādhyāyī of Pāṇini. Delhi: Motilal Banarsidass.

Zuordnung im Vorlesungsverzeichnis

MASK6b-SL (UE a), MATB3b (UE b)

Letzte Änderung: Mo 07.09.2020 15:35