Universität Wien FIND
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142181 UE Implication and exclusion in Dignaga’s theory of reference (2022S)

Jinendrabuddhi's Pramanasamuccayatika, Chapter V

Prüfungsimmanente Lehrveranstaltung


Hinweis: Ihr Anmeldezeitpunkt innerhalb der Frist hat keine Auswirkungen auf die Platzvergabe (kein "first come, first served").


max. 24 Teilnehmer*innen
Sprache: Englisch



Fr, 10:00-11:30, digital, ab 18.3.


Ziele, Inhalte und Methode der Lehrveranstaltung

Dignāga's Pramāṇasamuccaya (ca. sixth century CE) is our earliest
complete witness to the school of systematic philosophical analysis
known as the logico-epistemological tradition of Buddhism. There are,
however, serious obstacles to understanding this text. First, the
Pramāṇasamuccaya is a “Summary of pramāṇa”, and as such states
Dignāga’s ideas, but does not explain them in great detail. Second,
the text survives only in two Tibetan translations that are of very
low quality and therefore very limited usefulness.

Jinendrabuddhi's Viśālāmalavatī Pramāṇasamuccayaṭīkā (perhaps eighth
or ninth century CE) is the only preserved word-by-word commentary in
Sanskrit on Dignāga’s important text. It largely mitigates the two
obstacles to understanding Dignāga’s “Summary”: it provides much of
the original Sanskrit in its quotes from, and paraphrases of, the root
text; and it explains the background of many of Dignāga’s ideas.
This, along with Jinendrabuddhi’s frequent quotes from otherwise
unavailable works, makes his commentary an immensely rich source for
understanding the history of the Buddhist epistemological tradition.

The primary goal of this class is to edit and translate the Sanskrit
text of the fifth chapter of Jinendrabuddhi's commentary. This
chapter deals with verbal cognition and its objects, Dignāga’s famous
/apoha/ theory. Participants will become acquainted with
philological-historical methods and editorial techniques, and are
encouraged to participate in discussions led by the main editors.

In the summer term 2022, we will read Jinendrabuddhi's commentary on
Dignāga's Pramāṇasamuccaya 5 starting with v. 21. Dignāga there points
out that the realist cannot explain how words can have the same
referent: on the realist position, the word “blue” and the word
“flower” cannot both refer to the same object, a blue flower. The
discussion turns on questions of the implication (or inclusion) and
exclusion of items with respect to the range of objects that are word

Art der Leistungskontrolle und erlaubte Hilfsmittel

Grades are based on the active participation in the class and the
written translation of selected passages.

Mindestanforderungen und Beurteilungsmaßstab

Minimum requirements for a positive grade: active participation in the
course and a paper satisfying the requirements defined by the course
instructors. Attendance is compulsory; up to two absences without
notice will be excused.

Assessment standard: Every performance component will receive a grade.
Active participation and the written paper each account for 50% of the
course's grade.


Not applicable.


- Ole Holten Pind, Dignāga’s Philosophy of Language:
Pramāṇasamuccayavṛtti on anyāpoha. Part I and Part II. (BKGA 92.)
VÖAW, 2015. https://verlag.oeaw.ac.at/digngas-philosophy-of-language

- Ole Holten Pind, Dignāga’s Philosophy of Language - Dignāga on
anyāpoha. Diss. Vienna 2009. http://othes.univie.ac.at/8283/

- Masaaki Hattori, The Pramāṇasamuccayavṛtti of Dignāga with
Jinendrabuddhi’s commentary, chapter five: Anyāpoha-Parīkṣā. Tibetan
text with Sanskrit fragments. Kyoto

Zuordnung im Vorlesungsverzeichnis


Letzte Änderung: So 13.03.2022 20:48