Universität Wien FIND

160152 PS Wissenschaftstheorie und Sprachwissenschaft (2019S)

Prüfungsimmanente Lehrveranstaltung

Details

max. 40 Teilnehmer*innen
Sprache: Deutsch

Lehrende

Termine (iCal) - nächster Termin ist mit N markiert

Please note: Class starts on March 19

Dienstag 19.03. 09:45 - 11:15 Hörsaal 3, Währinger Straße 29 3.OG
Dienstag 26.03. 09:45 - 11:15 Hörsaal 3, Währinger Straße 29 3.OG
Dienstag 02.04. 09:45 - 11:15 Hörsaal 3, Währinger Straße 29 3.OG
Dienstag 09.04. 09:45 - 11:15 Hörsaal 3, Währinger Straße 29 3.OG
Dienstag 30.04. 09:45 - 11:15 Hörsaal 3, Währinger Straße 29 3.OG
Dienstag 07.05. 09:45 - 11:15 Hörsaal 3, Währinger Straße 29 3.OG
Dienstag 14.05. 09:45 - 11:15 Hörsaal 3, Währinger Straße 29 3.OG
Dienstag 21.05. 09:45 - 11:15 Hörsaal 3, Währinger Straße 29 3.OG
Dienstag 28.05. 09:45 - 11:15 Hörsaal 3, Währinger Straße 29 3.OG
Dienstag 04.06. 09:45 - 11:15 Hörsaal 3, Währinger Straße 29 3.OG
Samstag 15.06. 14:00 - 18:00 Seminarraum 3 Sensengasse 3a 1.OG
Dienstag 18.06. 09:45 - 11:15 Hörsaal 3, Währinger Straße 29 3.OG
Dienstag 25.06. 09:45 - 11:15 Hörsaal 3, Währinger Straße 29 3.OG

Information

Ziele, Inhalte und Methode der Lehrveranstaltung

Note 1: This is a joint seminar between the department of philosophy and the department of linguistics. Participants should have a general interest in, and knowledge of, natural language semantics.

Note 2: Due to the general philosophical tradition of not starting classes in week 1, and the Rektorstag on March 12, the class will start on March 19th. Conceivably, we will arrange for an extra or extended meeting for presentations towards the end of the class. This will be discussed (among other things) in meeting one.

In this seminar, we will be studying a series of very influential articles by David Lewis on natural language semantics, starting with his “General Semantics” from 1970, in which he articulates proposals as to how results from transformational and categorial grammar could be employed in the construction of compositional semantic theories for natural languages. This article is one of the founding documents of formal semantics. We are initially scheduling 3 session for discussing this text.

We will then move on to “Languages and Language”, in which Lewis states his view of what it is for a population to use a given language (as described by a semantic theory) in terms of his game-theoretic notion of a convention. In “Scorekeeping in a Language Game”, Lewis puts forward his own version of Stalnaker’s then budding theory of conversation, originally designed to provide explanations for presupposition phenomena. In “Context, Index and Context”, Lewis criticizes the approach advocated by the likes of Stalnaker and Kaplan of introducing “contents” as compositional semantic values. In “Attitudes De Dicto and De Se”, he argues for generalizing the conception of contents as sets of worlds (functions from worlds to truth-values) to a conception of contents as sets of centred worlds (functions from world-centre-pairs to truth-values).

Depending on progress in the seminar, we may modify the diet of papers to be discussed in the course of the semester.

In each session, we will be discussing the designated text. Participants are expected to prepare the reading by uploading a brief summary of the main theses of the text on Moodle. In each session, one or more participants will be responsible for moderating the discussion (i.e. structuring the discussion in such a way that all important aspects get covered). Towards the end of the semester, we will reserve some sessions in which each participant will give a short (8 mins) presentation with a Q&A period (12 mins) on a topic freely chosen from an official list of topics. Participants are then to use the feedback received in the Q&A after their presentation to write an essay (Seminararbeit) of maximally 2000 words length on the same topic.

1. Introduction

2. General Semantics, Part 1

3. General Semantics, Part 2

4. General Semantics, Part 3

5. Languages and Language

6. Scorekeeping

7. Index, Context and Content

8. Attitudes De Dicto and De Se

9. Short presentations:

10. Short presentations:

11. Short presentations:

12: Short presentations:

Art der Leistungskontrolle und erlaubte Hilfsmittel

1. Preparation for the sessions (25%); 2. Short presentation on one of the essay questions (20%); 3. General Participation (5%); 4. Essay (Seminararbeit) on the same topic as the presentation (55%). Deadline for submission: TBA

Mindestanforderungen und Beurteilungsmaßstab

regular participation, uploading of all summaries in preparation, short presentation, essay

Prüfungsstoff

Background:

Barbara Partee: “Formal Semantics: Origins, Issues, Early Impact”. The Baltic International Yearbook of Cognition, Logic and Communication 6, esp. pp. 1-29

Texts:

Lewis 1970: “General Semantics”. Synthese 22, 18–67. Reprinted in Lewis 1983, 189–232.

Lewis, David 1975: “Languages and Language”, in K. Gunderson (ed.), Minnesota Studies in the Philosophy of Science 7, University of Minnesota Press, pp. 3–35. Reprinted in Lewis 1983, 163–88.

Lewis, David 1992: “Meaning Without Use: Reply to Hawthorne”, Australasian Journal of Philosophy 70, pp.106-110.

Lewis, David 1979: “Scorekeeping in a Language Game”. Journal of Philosophical Logic 8, pp. 339–59. Reprinted in his Philosophical Papers, vol.1, Oxford: OUP 1983, 233–49.

Lewis, David (1980). Index, Context, and Content, in Stig Kanger and Sven Öhman (eds.), Philosophy and Grammar, Dordrecht: Reidel. Reprinted in Lewis 1998.

Lewis, David (1979) “Attitudes De Dicto and De Se”. Philosophical Review 88, pp. 513–43. Reprinted in his Philosophical Papers, vol.1, Oxford: OUP 1983, pp. 133–59.

Lewis, David (1983). Philosophical Papers, vol.1, Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Lewis, David (1998). Papers in Philosophical Logic, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Literatur

Background:

Barbara Partee: “Formal Semantics: Origins, Issues, Early Impact”. The Baltic International Yearbook of Cognition, Logic and Communication 6, esp. pp. 1-29

Texts:

Lewis 1970: “General Semantics”. Synthese 22, 18–67. Reprinted in Lewis 1983, 189–232.

Lewis, David 1975: “Languages and Language”, in K. Gunderson (ed.), Minnesota Studies in the Philosophy of Science 7, University of Minnesota Press, pp. 3–35. Reprinted in Lewis 1983, 163–88.

Lewis, David 1992: “Meaning Without Use: Reply to Hawthorne”, Australasian Journal of Philosophy 70, pp.106-110.

Lewis, David 1979: “Scorekeeping in a Language Game”. Journal of Philosophical Logic 8, pp. 339–59. Reprinted in his Philosophical Papers, vol.1, Oxford: OUP 1983, 233–49.

Lewis, David (1980). Index, Context, and Content, in Stig Kanger and Sven Öhman (eds.), Philosophy and Grammar, Dordrecht: Reidel. Reprinted in Lewis 1998.

Lewis, David (1979) “Attitudes De Dicto and De Se”. Philosophical Review 88, pp. 513–43. Reprinted in his Philosophical Papers, vol.1, Oxford: OUP 1983, pp. 133–59.

Lewis, David (1983). Philosophical Papers, vol.1, Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Lewis, David (1998). Papers in Philosophical Logic, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Zuordnung im Vorlesungsverzeichnis

MA1-M6
MA2-M5

Letzte Änderung: Mi 09.10.2019 13:48