Students will be asked to write a short essay (c. 1500 words; focused on a particular passage); give a class presentation; and write a longer essay (c. 3000 – 3,500 words). Essays and presentations can be in English or German.
The elements will contribute to the final grade as follows: short essay 20%; class presentation 20%; longer essay 40%; attendance and contribution to class discussions 20%. At minimum, for a satisfactory grade, students must perform acceptably in all of these three elements and attend at least 80% of the course (unless given special permission for greater absence).
AVICENNA, On the Soul (Extracts from Al-Najat), in M.A. Khalidi, ed., Medieval Islamic Philosophical Writings (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2005), pp. 27-58.
AVICENNA Texts quoted in: Michael Marmura, 'Avicenna's "Flying Man" in Context', The Monist, 69, no. 3 (1986): 383-95.
AVICENNA Metaphysics of the Shifâ’, Book 5, Chapter 1 in Metaphysics, ed. and transl. Michael Marmura, Provo, UT: Brigham Young University Press, 2005.
BOETHIUS, From 2nd commentary on the Isagoge, in SPADE, Five Texts.
GERSONIDES, Wars of the Lord, translated by S. Feldman (Philadelphia, PA: Jewish Publication Society of America, 1984), Book I.
JOHN DUNS SCOTUS, Ordinatio, II, d.3, Part 1, qq. 1 and 6 in SPADE, Five Texts.
PETER ABELARD From Logica Ingredientibus in SPADE, Five Texts.
PORPHYRY, Isagoge (opening) in SPADE, Five Texts.
SPADE, Paul Five Tests on the Medieval Problem of Universals, Indianapolis: Hackett, 1994.
THOMAS AQUINAS, Thomas,: Summa Theologiae Ia, qq. 85-86.
Full secondary reading lists will be issued at the time of the course. The following general surveys may be useful as Introductions:
BLACK, Deborah, 'Psychology: Soul and Intellect', in P. Adamson and R.C. Taylor, eds., The Cambridge Companion to Arabic Philosophy (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2005), pp. 308-26.
DAVIDSON, Herbert, Alfarabi, Avicenna, and Averroes, on Intellect: Their Cosmologies, Theories of the Active Intellect, and Theories of Human Intellect (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1992).
DE LIBERA, Alain, La querelle des universaux. De Plato à la fin du Moyen Âge (Paris : Seuil, 1996).
KLIMA, Gyula, ‘The Medieval Problem of Universals’, The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy (Winter 2016 Edition), Edward N. Zalta (ed.), URL = <https://plato.stanford.edu/archives/win2016/entries/universals-medieval/>.
ROBINSON, James T., 'Soul and Intellect', in S. Nadler and T. Rudavsky, eds., The Cambridge History of Jewish Philosophy. Vol. 1 (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2009), pp. 524-58. Also available online at: http://doi.org/10.1017/CHOL9780521843232.018.