Regular attendance (online), quality of written assignments (short assignments + seminar paper) and presentation of Seminar Paper idea.
A basic background in economics, politics and statistics is an advantage but is not a requirement. Backgrounds in medicine, epidemiology, psychology, nursing, social work, health sociology or medical anthropology would also be an advantage but again not a requirement. Anyone who is interested in exploring the reasons, pathways and causes of health inequality can take part.
A good command of written and spoken English is required. However, perfection is not expected and those who want to try are more than welcome. When necessary, guidance will be given how to read and write in English effectively and efficiently.
Students who have concerns in writing English texts should inform in advance.
There is no exam for this course. Below topics are covered in the short assignments.
I) Changes in population health since the start of industrial revolution. Focuses will be on: the extent of present-day health inequalities between and within countries; and technical and methodological challenges involved in measuring population health and health inequality.
2) Social determinants of health and health inequality. Major factors that influence population health including economic and political development and the forces associated with globalization.
3) Foreign aid and health: Did it help in reducing health disparities or made it worse? What are the roles of civil society organisations? Malaria and HIV/AIDS will be used as case studies.
4) COVID-19. Social and health inequality. Politicisation of Pandemic. Roles of government, NGOs and international organisations (ex. WHO).
Angust Deaton, The Great Escape: Health, Wealth and the Origins of Inequality. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 2013.
Randall M. Pakard, The Making of a Tropical Disease. Baltimore. MD: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2007.
Institute of Medicine (USA), Understanding Population Health and its Determinants,? Ch. 2 in The Future of the Public Health in the 21st Century (Washington, DC: Institute of Medicine, 2002), pp. 46-95.
Thomas McKeown et al., An Interpretation of the Decline of Mortality in England and Wales during the Twentieth Century, Population Studies, vol. 29, 3 (November 1975), pp. 391-422.
Simon Szreter, The Importance of Social Intervention in Britain?s Mortality Decline. 1850-1914: a Reinterpretation of the Role of Public Health, Social History of Medicine, vol. 1, 1, pp. 1-38.
David E. Bloom & David Canning, The Health and Wealth of Nations, Science, vol. 287 (18 February 2000), pp. 1207-9.
Global Burden of Disease 2013 Collaborative, Global, regional, and national age-sex specific all-cause and cause-specific mortality for 240 causes of death, 1990-2013: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2013, Lancet, vol. 385 (10 January 2015), pp. 117-71.
Jeffrey Sachs & Pia Malaney, The economic and social burden of malaria, Nature, vol. 415 (7 February 2002), pp. 680-85.
Michael Marmot, Health in an unequal world, Lancet, vol. 336 (9th December 2006), pp. 2081-94.
Michael Murphy et al., The Widening Gap in Mortality by Educational Level in the Russian Federation, 1980-2001, American Journal of Public Health, vol. 96, 7 (July 2006), pp. 1293-99.
Singer, M., Bulled, N., Ostrach, B., Mendenhall, E. (2017). Syndemics and the biosocial conception of health. Lancet 389:941-950. Doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(17)30003-X.