Coursework (experiments) 60%
Active participation in experiment planning and results analyses 20%
Written report (in form of manuscript) 20%
- To introduce modern techniques used nowadays to study the structuure and function of plant genomes and to emphasize the importance of such analyses as complementary approach for phylogenetic, evolutionary, or populational studies.
- To introduce methods for in situ-hybridization probe preparation and labelling, chromosome preparation and quality checks, and finally in situ hybridization
Students can further apply this knowledge to analyse and to interpret obtained results (microscopy).
- Planning of the experiments; material pre-treatment and fixation; preparation of chromosome spreads using classical methods; documentation.
- Enzymatic chromosome preparations; DNA probe preparation and labelling (PCR labelling, nick translation); preparation of buffers and solutions for FISH.
- Checking of the quality of DNA probe labelling; FISH (fluorescent in situ hybridization) – pretreatments, and hybridization.
- FISH – washing, detection and amplification.
- Analysis of FISH data (microscopy)
Maluszynska J. (ed.) 1998. Plant cytogenetics. Silesian University, Katowice, Poland.
Fukui K., and Nakamya S. (1996). Plant chromosomes. Laboratory methods. CRC Press, Boca Raton.
Weiss-Schneeweiss H., and Schneeweiss G.M. 2012. Karyotype Evolution in Angiosperms. Springer
Levin D. A. (2002) The role of chromosomal change in plant evolution. Oxford University Press, New York, USA.
Puertas M.J. & Naranjo T. (eds.) 2005. Plant cytogenetics. Karger, Basel.
Schwarzacher T., and Heslop-Harrison P. (2000) Practical in situ hybridization. 2nd ed. BIOS, Oxford UK.
Singh R.J. (2003) Plant cytogenetics. CRC Press, Boca Raton.
Stebbins G. L. (1971) Chromosomal evolution in higher plants. Edward Arnold, London.
Puertas M.J. & Naranjo T. (eds.) 2008. Plant cytogenetics. Karger, Basel.
Birchler J. & Pires C. (eds) 2010. Advances in Plant Cytogenetics. Karger, Basel.