Universität Wien FIND

Bedingt durch die COVID-19-Pandemie können kurzfristige Änderungen bei Lehrveranstaltungen und Prüfungen (z.B. Absage von Vor-Ort-Lehre und Umstellung auf Online-Prüfungen) erforderlich sein. Melden Sie sich für Lehrveranstaltungen/Prüfungen über u:space an, informieren Sie sich über den aktuellen Stand auf u:find und auf der Lernplattform moodle.

Weitere Informationen zum Lehrbetrieb vor Ort finden Sie unter https://studieren.univie.ac.at/info.

Achtung! Das Lehrangebot ist noch nicht vollständig und wird bis Semesterbeginn laufend ergänzt.

300343 VO Genome structure and evolution (2020W)

2.00 ECTS (1.00 SWS), SPL 30 - Biologie

An/Abmeldung

Details

Sprache: Englisch

Prüfungstermine

Lehrende

Termine (iCal) - nächster Termin ist mit N markiert

Initial meeting AND FIRST LECTURE: 01.10.2020 11:00
Course will be blocked - every week two hours instead of one hour (last lecture on 12.11.2020).
Exam will follow (also digitally).
Link for the meetings will be sent to all registered students.

Donnerstag 01.10. 11:00 - 13:00 Digital
Donnerstag 08.10. 11:00 - 13:00 Digital
Donnerstag 15.10. 11:00 - 13:00 Digital
Donnerstag 22.10. 11:00 - 13:00 Digital
Donnerstag 05.11. 11:00 - 13:00 Digital
Donnerstag 12.11. 11:00 - 13:00 Digital
Donnerstag 19.11. 11:00 - 13:00 Digital

Information

Ziele, Inhalte und Methode der Lehrveranstaltung

This course offers an overview of plant genome structure and evolution. Plant genome structure (types of coding and non-coding DNA sequences that contribute to the genome function and evolution; mechanisms of their change) as well as main chromosomal landmarks (telomeres, centromeres, NORs) will be discussed. All these features will be compared with genomic features and evolutionary trends of other organisms (animals, including humans, insects etc.). The newest methods recently developed to analyze genome composition and function including methods to characterize the coding and repetitive DNA fractions (e.g., high-throughput sequencing) will also be introduced. The course will also introduce types and consequences of various genomic changes including polyploidy and more subtle chromosomal rearrangements as well as dynamics of mobile genetic elements in the genome, and discuss these in the comparative phylogenetic context. The last lecture will present analyzes of the genomic evolution in various plant groups (case studies) to demonstrate the applicability and importance of cytogenetic approaches in evolutionary biology.

Art der Leistungskontrolle und erlaubte Hilfsmittel

DIGITAL written exam (100%) from course material; Mindestanforderungen für positive Beurteilung: min. 50% of points

Mindestanforderungen und Beurteilungsmaßstab

Knowledge of the structure, types, and function of chromosomes; comparative genome structure and evolution; types and dynamics of repetitive DNAs in the genome; most important cytogenetic and genomic tools and how they contribute to our understanding of genome structure and evolution.

Prüfungsstoff

Lectures (material on moodle), recommended reading (optional)

Literatur

1. Stebbins G.L. 1971. Chromosomal evolution in higher plants. Edward Arnold, London.
2. Fukui K. & Nakamya S. 1996. Plant chromosomes. Laboratory methods. CRC Press, Boca Raton.
3. Maluszynska J. (ed.) 1998. Plant cytogenetics. Silesian University Press, Katowice, Poland.
4. Schwarzacher T. & Heslop-Harrison P. 2000. Practical in situ hybridization. 2nd ed. BIOS, Oxford UK.
5. Levin D.A. 2002. The role of chromosomal change in plant evolution. Oxford University Press, New York, USA.
6. Singh R.J. 2003. Plant cytogenetics. CRC Press, Boca Raton.
7. Puertas M.J. & Naranjo T. (eds.) 2005. Plant cytogenetics. Karger, Basel.
8. Puertas M.J. & Naranjo T. (eds.) 2008. Reviews in plant cytogenetics. Karger, Basel.
9. Birchler J.A. & Pires J.C. (eds.) 2010. Advances in plant cytogenetics. Karger, Basel.
10. Plant Genome Diversity vol. 1 (2012) and 2 (2013). Springer

Zuordnung im Vorlesungsverzeichnis

BBO 2, BAN 6, BMG 10, BMB 10, BOE 11, BPB 11, BZO 11, UF BU 10,

Letzte Änderung: Di 12.01.2021 11:49