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300343 VO Genome structure and evolution (2021W)

2.00 ECTS (1.00 SWS), SPL 30 - Biologie
DIGITAL

An/Abmeldung

Hinweis: Ihr Anmeldezeitpunkt innerhalb der Frist hat keine Auswirkungen auf die Platzvergabe (kein "first come, first served").

Details

Sprache: Englisch

Prüfungstermine

Lehrende

Termine (iCal) - nächster Termin ist mit N markiert

Course is held in English and digitally (BBB).
VB and first lecture will take place on first day of the course; lectures will be blocked (2 hours/week).
1st exam will take place one week after last course.

Donnerstag 07.10. 11:00 - 13:00 Digital
Donnerstag 14.10. 11:00 - 13:00 Digital
Donnerstag 21.10. 11:00 - 13:00 Digital
Donnerstag 28.10. 11:00 - 13:00 Digital
Donnerstag 04.11. 11:00 - 13:00 Digital
Donnerstag 11.11. 11:00 - 13:00 Digital

Information

Ziele, Inhalte und Methode der Lehrveranstaltung

This course offers an overview of plant genome structure and evolution. Plant genome structure (types of coding and non-coding DNA sequences that contribute to the genome function and evolution; mechanisms of their change) as well as main chromosomal landmarks (telomeres, centromeres, NORs) will be discussed. All these features will be compared with genomic features and evolutionary trends of other organisms (animals, including humans, insects etc.). The newest methods recently developed to analyze genome composition and function including methods to characterize the coding and repetitive DNA fractions (e.g., high-throughput sequencing) will also be introduced. The course will also introduce types and consequences of various genomic changes including polyploidy and more subtle chromosomal rearrangements as well as dynamics of mobile genetic elements in the genome, and discuss these in the comparative phylogenetic context. The last lecture will present analyzes of the genomic evolution in various plant groups (case studies) to demonstrate the applicability and importance of cytogenetic approaches in evolutionary biology.

Art der Leistungskontrolle und erlaubte Hilfsmittel

DIGITAL: written exam (100%) from course material.

Mindestanforderungen und Beurteilungsmaßstab

Mindestanforderungen für positive Beurteilung: min. 50% of points.

Prüfungsstoff

Lectures (material on moodle), recommended reading (optional)
Knowledge of the structure, types, and function of chromosomes; comparative genome structure and evolution; types and dynamics of repetitive DNAs in the genome; most important cytogenetic and genomic tools and how they contribute to our understanding of genome structure and evolution.

Literatur

1. Stebbins G.L. 1971. Chromosomal evolution in higher plants. Edward Arnold, London.
2. Fukui K. & Nakamya S. 1996. Plant chromosomes. Laboratory methods. CRC Press, Boca Raton.
3. Maluszynska J. (ed.) 1998. Plant cytogenetics. Silesian University Press, Katowice, Poland.
4. Schwarzacher T. & Heslop-Harrison P. 2000. Practical in situ hybridization. 2nd ed. BIOS, Oxford UK.
5. Levin D.A. 2002. The role of chromosomal change in plant evolution. Oxford University Press, New York, USA.
6. Singh R.J. 2003. Plant cytogenetics. CRC Press, Boca Raton.
7. Puertas M.J. & Naranjo T. (eds.) 2005. Plant cytogenetics. Karger, Basel.
8. Puertas M.J. & Naranjo T. (eds.) 2008. Reviews in plant cytogenetics. Karger, Basel.
9. Birchler J.A. & Pires J.C. (eds.) 2010. Advances in plant cytogenetics. Karger, Basel.
10. Plant Genome Diversity vol. 1 (2012) and 2 (2013). Springer

Zuordnung im Vorlesungsverzeichnis

BBO 2, BAN 6, BMG 10, BMB 10, BOE 11, BPB 11, BZO 11, UF BU 10

Letzte Änderung: Di 23.11.2021 15:09