Universität Wien FIND
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180082 VO-L Current Aspects of Gender Ethics (2022S)

Introduction to Philosophical Ethics in Gender Context

5.00 ECTS (2.00 SWS), SPL 18 - Philosophie

Registration/Deregistration

Note: The time of your registration within the registration period has no effect on the allocation of places (no first come, first served).

Details

Language: German

Examination dates

Lecturers

Classes (iCal) - next class is marked with N

Wednesday 09.03. 13:15 - 14:45 Hörsaal 42 Hauptgebäude, 2.Stock, Stiege 7
Wednesday 16.03. 13:15 - 14:45 Hörsaal 42 Hauptgebäude, 2.Stock, Stiege 7
Wednesday 23.03. 13:15 - 14:45 Hörsaal 42 Hauptgebäude, 2.Stock, Stiege 7
Wednesday 30.03. 13:15 - 14:45 Hörsaal 42 Hauptgebäude, 2.Stock, Stiege 7
Wednesday 06.04. 13:15 - 14:45 Hörsaal 42 Hauptgebäude, 2.Stock, Stiege 7
Wednesday 27.04. 13:15 - 14:45 Hörsaal 42 Hauptgebäude, 2.Stock, Stiege 7
Wednesday 04.05. 13:15 - 14:45 Hörsaal 42 Hauptgebäude, 2.Stock, Stiege 7
Wednesday 11.05. 13:15 - 14:45 Hörsaal 42 Hauptgebäude, 2.Stock, Stiege 7
Wednesday 18.05. 13:15 - 14:45 Hörsaal 42 Hauptgebäude, 2.Stock, Stiege 7
Wednesday 25.05. 13:15 - 14:45 Hörsaal 42 Hauptgebäude, 2.Stock, Stiege 7
Wednesday 01.06. 13:15 - 14:45 Hörsaal 42 Hauptgebäude, 2.Stock, Stiege 7
Wednesday 08.06. 13:15 - 14:45 Hörsaal 42 Hauptgebäude, 2.Stock, Stiege 7
Wednesday 15.06. 13:15 - 14:45 Hörsaal 42 Hauptgebäude, 2.Stock, Stiege 7
Wednesday 22.06. 13:15 - 14:45 Hörsaal 42 Hauptgebäude, 2.Stock, Stiege 7

Information

Aims, contents and method of the course

Aim
This lecture will provide an introduction into philosophical argumentation, enabling students to handle complex questions and challenges in recent cultural, scientific and social contexts in relation to gender theory and practice, in order to critically reflect on crisis phenomena of our time: e.g. naturalistic fallacy in conceptions of the human being; poverty, care, etc. A further aim is to develop a philosophical understanding of intersectionality and the categories of gender-racification-class.

Content Outline
The category of gender is examined philosophically from an intersectional perspective in the context of ethically relevant concerns. This course is divided into three sections. First, an overview of selected classical approaches to gender-specific ethical conceptions in gender studies, LGBTIQ theory and practice will be unfolded, e.g. Carol Gilligan's core theses; Judith Butler's ethics of non-violence and Herta Nagl-Docekal's innovative approach to feminist ethics. Different discourses, such as the definition of the gender mainstreaming program of the Council of Europe in 1998 and antigender polemics in mass media (whereby the term antigenderism has been carefully philosophically examined), are based on specific concepts of human beings, which are a key task for gender ethics (see Judith Butler's question: Who is considered a human being? and her ethical reflections on this). What contribution can philosophy make to current gender-specific questions and problems? This leads into the second, systematic, part of this lecture, which deals with the question: Are there classical philosophical theories of ethics that gender philosophy can draw upon from the perspective of developing principles for a gender-just society? This lecture series will explore this with reference to core theoretical texts by Immanuel Kant and G.W.F. Hegel. Starting from Immanuel Kant's - Conflict of the Faculties - , the method and task of philosophy will be demonstrated. The reference to Kant and Hegel, however, is not merely in a philosophical-historical sense, but rather from a systematic perspective: Are there developed conceptual instruments - concepts such as person, individual, identity, autonomy, heteronomy, subject, morality, law, normativity, community, love, friendship, etc. - that can be taken up and further considerated for the analysis of current socio-political problems? What does it mean to be a human being from a gender-ethical point of view? The current debates on racialization in Kant will be discussed. This opens the third and last part of this course, namely the critical examination of the current distortions of human coexistence from a gender-philosophical point of view. From the perspective of a gender-just society, what ethical behavior is needed for a liberal democracy based on human rights? Topics such as political freedom, political action and public happiness in the sense of Hannah Arendt, solidarity and resistance,will be considered. Sabine Hark's recent work Gemeinschaft der Ungewählten will also be discussed in more detail. Based on Seyla Benhabib's work, identity ruptures in a cultural context are discussed from a gender-ethical perspective. On the basis of central arguments by Kimberlé Crenshaw, the question of the connection between racialization and gender will be examined, and with reference to bell hooks, the category of "class" will be brought into focus. Antihumanism and transhumanism challenge philosophical ethics in a specific manner, which will be discussed in a very fundamental way in this lecture.

Method
Lecture with plenty of discussion; hopefully in person. If necessary, hybrid and additional audio recording of VL material, posted on Moodle.

Assessment and permitted materials

Written exam, minimum of four exam-dates. Consideration will be given to the particular situation of working professionals when scheduling.

Minimum requirements and assessment criteria

The material of the lecture and 5 required reading for the exam. Structure of the exam: out of 6 questions, four can be chosen, these four questions must be answered positively to receive a passing grade. There will be three questions from the contents of the lecture, three questions from the required reading, and two questions from each group (lecture contents and required reading) must be answered. Candidates with work commitments will be taken into consideration when scheduling the examination date.
Contents and subjects in the lecture, further explanations in the discussions - this is the first part of the exam; the second part of the exam consists of questions on the required reading. Required reading consists of 5 texts, which will be announced in the first lecture and will be posted on Moodle.

Examination topics

Contents and subjects in the lecture, further explanations in the discussions - this is the first part of the exam; the second part of the exam consists of questions on the required reading. Required reading consists of 5 texts, which will be announced in the first lecture and will be posted on Moodle.

Reading list

- Hannah Arendt, Vita activa. München: Piper 1967.
- Hannah Arendt, Über die Revolution. München: Piper 1965.
- Cinzia Arruzza, Tithi Bhattacharya, Nancy Fraser, Feminismus für die 99 %. Ein Manifest. MSB Berlin 2019.
- Ruth Becker, Beate Kortendiek (Hrsg.), Handbuch Frauen- und Geschlechterforschung. Theorie, Methoden, Empirie. Wiesbaden: VS 2008.
- bell hooks, Die Bedeutung von Klasse. Warum die Verhältnisse nicht auf Rassismus und Sexismus zu reduzieren sind. Münster: UNRAST 2020.
- Seyla Benhabib, Der verallgemeinerte und der konkrete Andere. Ansätze zu einer feministischen Moraltheorie. In: Elisabeth List & Herlinde Studer (Hrsg.), Denkverhältnisse. Feminismus und Kritik. S. 454-487. Frankfurt/M.: Suhrkamp 1989.
- Seyla Benhabib, Selbst im Kontext. Kommunikative Ethik im Spannungsfeld von Feminismus, Kommunitarismus und Postmoderne. Frankfurt/M.: Suhrkamp 1995.
- Seyla Benhabib, Kosmopolitismus ohne Illusionen. Menschenrechte in unruhigen Zeiten. Berlin: Suhrkamp 2016.
- Wendy Brown, Die schleichende Revolution. Wie der Neoliberalismus die Demokratie zerstört.Suhrkamp Berlin 2. Auflage 2021.
- Judith Butler, Das Unbehagen der Geschlechter. Frankfurt/M.: Suhrkamp 1991.
- Judith Butler, Die Macht der Geschlechternormen und die Grenzen des Menschlichen. Frankfurt/M.: Suhrkamp 2009.
- Judith Butler, Die Macht der Gewaltlosigkeit. Berlin: Suhrkamp 2020.
- Judith Butler, Sinn und Sinnlichkeit des Subjekts. Turia+Kant, Wien-Berlin (Orig. Senses of Subject, Fordham University Press, New York 2015, hier vor allem das Kapitel zu Hegels früher Konzeption von Liebe).
- Kimberlé Crenshaw, Das Zusammenwirken von Race und Gender ins Zentrum rücken: Eine Schwarze feministische Kritik des Antidiskriminierungsdogmas, der feministischen Theorie und antirassistischer Politiken. In: Natasha A. Kelly (Hg.), Schwarzer Feminismus. Grundlagentexte. Münster: UNRAST 2019, S.144-184.
- feministische studien (2013), 31. Jg. Heft 1.
- FIPU (Forschungsgruppe Ideologien und Politiken der Ungleichheit Wien) (Hg.), Rechtsextremismus. Band 3: Geschlechterreflektierte Perspektiven. Wien-Berlin: Mandelbaum 2019.
- Sabine Hark, Paula-Irene Villa (Hg.), Anti-Genderismus. Sexualität und Geschlecht als Schauplätze aktuelle politischer Auseinandersetzungen. Bielefeld: transcript 2015.
-Sabine Hark, Gemeinschaft der Ungewählten. Umrisse eines politischen Ethos der Kohabitation. Suhrkamp Berlin 2021.
-Sarah Lucia Hoagland, Die Revolution der Moral. Berlin: Orlanda 1991.
- Alison Jaggar, Are My Hands Clean?“ Responsibility for Global Gender Disparities. In: Diana Tietjens Mayers (ed.), Poverty, Agency and Human Rights. Oxford University Press 2014.
- Cornelia Klinger, Die andere Seite der Liebe. Das Prinzip Lebenssorge in der Moderne. Frankfurt/M.: Campus 2021.
Juliane Lang, Ulrich Peters (Hg.), Antifeminismus in Bewegung. Aktuelle Debatten um Geschlecht und sexuelle Vielfalt. Hamburg: Marta Press 2018.
Kristina Lepold und Marina Martinez Mateo (Hg.), Critical Philosophy of Race. Ein Reader. Suhrkamp Berlin 2021.
- Elisabeth List und Herlinde Studer (Hg.), Denkverhältnisse. Feminismus und Kritik. Frankfurt/M.: Suhrkamp 1989.
- Herta Nagl-Docekal, Feministische Philosophie. Ergebnisse, Probleme, Perspektiven. Frankfurt/M. 2000.
- Herta Nagl-Docekal, Innere Freiheit. Grenzen der nachmetaphysischen Moralkonzeptionen. Berlin: de Gruyter 2014.
Lisbeth N. Trallori, Der Körper als Ware. Mandelbaum kritik & utopie 2015.
Immanuel Kant, Grundlegung zur Metaphysik der Sitten, Metaphysik der Sitten, Zum ewigen Frieden;
G.W.F.Hegel, Grundlinien der Philosophie des Rechts; Entwürfe über Religion und Liebe.

Association in the course directory

Last modified: Tu 19.07.2022 11:28