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290267 VO Economic Geography of China (2019S)

Regional Economic Development and Regional Disparities

3.00 ECTS (2.00 SWS), SPL 29 - Geographie



Language: German

Examination dates


Classes (iCal) - next class is marked with N

Thursday 14.03. 15:00 - 16:30 Hörsaal III NIG Erdgeschoß
Thursday 21.03. 15:00 - 16:30 Hörsaal III NIG Erdgeschoß
Thursday 28.03. 15:00 - 16:30 Hörsaal III NIG Erdgeschoß
Thursday 04.04. 15:00 - 16:30 Hörsaal III NIG Erdgeschoß
Thursday 11.04. 15:00 - 16:30 Hörsaal 5A Geographie NIG 5.OG A0518
Thursday 02.05. 15:00 - 16:30 Hörsaal III NIG Erdgeschoß
Thursday 09.05. 15:00 - 16:30 Hörsaal III NIG Erdgeschoß
Thursday 16.05. 15:00 - 16:30 Hörsaal III NIG Erdgeschoß
Thursday 23.05. 15:00 - 16:30 Hörsaal III NIG Erdgeschoß
Thursday 13.06. 15:00 - 16:30 Hörsaal III NIG Erdgeschoß


Aims, contents and method of the course

Basic aim is comprehension of the following:
The historical continuity of Chinese civilization is determined essentially by unity, but also by the high level of sophistication and cohesion. The spread in the wealth gap within the regions of China is large and similar to the EU.
Overall, due to the dimension of the topical issues basics and priorities are presented. Because of the rapid changes both main historical lines of as well as recent developments shall be considered.
Powerpoint presentations should be available before lessons. Questions and discussion contributions are important . The preliminary reading of literature is desirable and appropriate.
The lecture is open to students of all fields of study.
Overview on content:
Changes and refinements are possible

1. Start .
Current development and conflicts
Spatial configuration of the Chinese civilization
20 words Chinese + phonetics
Identification of the existing knowledge status - requests - discussion

2. Without viewing history China is not understandable
Acceleration of development by about 2000
Viewing over half a century
Look back over 200 years
Considering more than half a millennium back
Comparisons: Regions in Europe and China
Chinese innovation systems in the history
Chinese non-expansion or European expansion a mystery?
The "High level equilibrium trap" (Elvin)

3.China - Economic Basics
High GDP growth for over 3 decades
Extremely high investment rates
Economic output per head in some provinces near European areas
Export production and foreign trade surplus
Dominance of industry, highest in comparison
Privatization, Property, FDI, profits
New patterns of classes and social strata
Regulators - Macro Control

4. China's areas at a glance
Provinces – municipalities - autonomous regions - special administrative regions, Northeast China, North China-Beijing, Shanghai, Eastern China, Southern China including Hong Kong - Shenzhen - Canton - Pearl River Delta, Central China, Southwest China - Tibet, NW China

5. Demography and Labor
(Regional) Demography
One child politicy
Age structure as a developing brake?
Migrant Labor
Employment and conflicts

6. Value chains in China - Industry Sectors
Industrial geography
Special industries
Geography of services
Geography of transport
China's position in the international division of labor
Global value chains
Value chains within China

7. Agriculture
China's agriculture in comparison
Agricultural Geography
Chinese villages
Ecological limits to the intensification of agriculture
Do China's farmers determine the course of the world?

8. Urbanization
Cities in Transition
Urban-rural contrasts
(Soon to 200) million cities
Chinese megacities

9. Regional disparities .
(Booming) coastal regions
Inland regions
Peripheral regions
International comparisons of disparities

10. Historical development of the regions,
Shifts of the center of the “middle "
"Unity" in comparison to Europe
Perspectives of Chinese location

11. Commodities - Energy
Import and export of raw materials
Coal country China
Renewable energy
Efficiency of energy
Societal metabolism

12. China's biggest challenge .
Ecological situation
Consequences of climate change
Too many and too little water
Erosion and desertification
Environmental policy
Green GDP
Pressure and prospects

13 Regional policy and economic policy in China Spatial
Position and role of provincial governments
Concepts of regional policy
Concepts of rural development
Sustainability concepts
Compensation in the territorial cohesion

Assessment and permitted materials

Final written examination

Minimum requirements and assessment criteria

The understanding of long-term historical changes allows realistic comparisons in particular with European regions and countries by knowledge of the diversity and particularities of the regions in China, of the differences in regional endowments and their complementarity. So the current rapid development of China and its role in the global economy can be analyzed and its potential can be estimated as well as problems can be assessed in comparison: China is somehow almost as big as Europe and has more than twice as many residents. The territorial differentiation in 22 provinces of China (Taiwan not included), 4 municipalities, 5 autonomous regions and 2 special administrative regions (Hong Kong, Macao) is very pronounced.

In the final exam, 8 out of 10 questions should be answered.
For each answer 0-10 points are awarded:
50-57 points: 4
58-64 points: 3
65-72 points: 2
73-80 points: 1

Examination topics

see content

Reading list

Veeck, Gregory; Pannell Clifton W.; smith Christopher J.; Huang Youqin (2007): China's geography; globalization and the dynamics of political, economic, and social change
o Klausing, H., Maryanski A., Schultze E. (1989): China - ökonomische und soziale Geographie

o Chiao-Min Hsieh, Max Lu (eds) (2003): Changing China: A Geographical Appraisal
o Benewick Robert , Hemelryk Donald Stephanie (2009): The State of China Atlas: Mapping the World's Fastest-Growing Economy. 3rd ed
o Zheng Ping (1999): Chinas Geographie; Natur-Wirtschaft-Kultur. Beijing
o De Blij, Harm (2007): Why geography matters - three challenges facing America: climate change, the rise of china, and global terrorism
o Clegg, Jenny (2009): China's Global Strategy: Toward a Multipolar World: Towards a Multipolar World
o Maddison, Angus (1999): Chinese Economic Performance in the Long Run, 1820-1992 OECD. Paris

Association in the course directory

(MG-S3-NPI) (MG-S6-NPI) (L2-d2, L2-d-zLV) (BA UF GW 19) (MA UF GW 02)

Last modified: Mo 07.09.2020 15:42